Asthma: Causes, Symptoms and Management

Asthma: Causes, Symptoms and Management

Asthma is a chronic lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways in the lungs. This mostly makes breathing very difficult and in some cases shortness of breath.

Asthma can be a major problem in the lives of other people. In this case, its attack can be life-threatening and in other cases it can be minor. Asthma cannot be cured completely but needs to be controlled when there’s an attack.

This attack occurs anytime, anywhere so it is very important to seek advice from the doctor to know how to deal with the attacks or prevent it from getting out of hand.

It isn’t clear why some people get asthma and others don’t, but it’s probably due to a combination of environmental and genetic (inherited) factors.


Causes of Asthma Attacks

Learning more about asthma triggers can help you reduce the chances of getting an attack.

  • Allergies

Most people with asthma also have allergies that can trigger an attack by temporarily increase the inflammation of the airways leading to cough, wheezing or difficulty in breathing.

  • Exercise Induced

In some cases, people with asthma begin to cough, wheeze after doing some form of hard-work. They begin to get attack leading shortness of breath and wheezing.

  • Smoking

Smoking or secondhand smoking can be powerful trigger. When a person inhales tobacco smoke, irritating substances settle in the moist lining of the airways. These substances can cause an attack in a person who has asthma. In addition, tobacco smoke damages tiny hair-like structures in the airways. Smoking also causes the body to produce more mucus.

  • Infections

For asthmatic people, even the slightest respiratory tract infection can trigger an attack. Cold or the flu can also contribute to the inflammation of the lungs leading to attacks.

  • Some drugs

Some medications are noted to trigger asthma in some cases. Aspirins and other medications can cause wheezing and coughing.



These varies from one person to the other. Some people have frequent attacks, others also have attacks that only occurs when induced by the above mentioned factors.

Symptoms includes.

  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest tightness or pain
  • Coughing and wheezing
  • Difficulty in breathing leading to whistling.

Severe asthma attacks can be life-threatening. It is very important to work with your doctor in order to track your attacks and how to deal with them.

Dealing with Asthma

  • Identify and avoid asthma triggers. Identifying what induces your triggers can be very helpful. This will help prevent or minimize the way you get attacks.
  • Visit the doctor. When you experience the symptoms of asthma, it is advisable to visit the doctor to help track your attacks and give you some medications that can help you deal with your attacks.
  • Take your medications. It is important to take your medications prescribed by the doctor in order to control and minimize the way you get the attacks.
  • Avoid smoking. Smoking is dangerous for people who are suffering from asthma. It is even more dangerous to secondhand smokers. Certain particles in the tobacco can cause inflammation in the lung and make breathing difficult.
  • Identify and treat attacks early. If you act quickly, you’re less likely to have a severe attack. You also won’t need as much medication to control your symptoms.

    When your peak flow measurements decrease and alert you to an oncoming attack, take your medication as instructed and immediately stop any activity that may have triggered the attack. If your symptoms don’t improve, get medical help as directed in your action plan.

  • Get vaccinated for influenza and pneumonia. Staying current with vaccinations can prevent flu and pneumonia from triggering asthma flare-ups
  • Stay Healthy. It is important to stay healthy as a human being. One needs to eat healthy, drink clean water in order to avoid any lung infections that might trigger attacks. It is also good to keep your surroundings clean.

Leave a comment