Breast Cancer is the cancer that develops from breast tissue. Breast cancer is the second most common cancer in the world. It is also the second leading cause of death among women, especially in Africa. Recent studies and awareness has helped in diagnosing breast cancer. This has made breast cancer survival rate increased over the past years. This can occur in both men and women but its far common in women.
While you cannot prevent cancer, it is very important to be alert about your health.
Causes of breast cancer
Breast cancer occurs when some cells in the glands start to grow abnormally. These cells divide more rapidly than healthy cells do and continue to accumulate, forming a lump or mass. These cells can spread through your breast if not noticed early.
- Doctors estimated that, about 5 to 10 percent of breast cancer is passed through generations of family. This means that this type of cancer can be inherited from family. If you have a strong family history of breast cancer, it is very advisable to see the doctor for blood test. You can also do the test on your own which we will show you later.
Other Risk Factors
Your risk of breast cancer increases as you age.
Women are more prone to suffer from breast cancer than men. 5 in 10 women are diagnosed from it. It is very advisable to get checked more often.
Being obese increases your chances of breast cancer.
Beginning menopause at an older age.
Beginning menopause at an older age, you are more likely to suffer from breast cancer.
Women who never had children
Women who have never had children or women who had children at late stages of their lives are likely to suffer from breast cancer.
Exposure to radiation can cause cancer. This can be a cause in both men and women. Exposure to radiation in chest region can also be another cause.
Drinking Alcohol and smoking.
Taking too much alcohol and smoking can increase the risk of one getting breast cancer.
Signs And Symptoms
- Pain in the breast or around the breast and around the armpits.
- Discharge from nipples, possibly containing blood.
- Redness of the skin of the breast.
- Inverted nipple.
- Peeling, flaking, or scaling of the skin on the breast or nipple.
- Change in shape or size of breast.
Ways to Minimize The Risk Of Breast Cancer
- Minimize your alcohol intake.
- Avoid smoking
- Exercise in order to keep the body healthy and fit.
- Choose a healthy diet.
- Avoid drinking soda.
- Limit or avoid exposure to radiations. The use of microwave and all other radioactive objects.
- Do regular checks to determine and get rid it at early stages.
Treatment Of Breast Cancer.
Most types of breast cancer are easy to diagnose by microscopic analysis of a sample of the affected area of the breast. Also, there are types of breast cancer that require specialized lab exams. The two most commonly used screening methods, physical examination of the breasts by a healthcare provider and mammography.
Women with a very high risk of breast cancer may choose to have their healthy breasts surgically removed. They may also choose to have their healthy ovaries removed to reduce the risk of both breast and ovarian cancer.