Eczema is a common condition where patches of skin become inflamed, itchy, cracked and rough. This is mostly common in children but can affect people at any age. It’s usually a long-term (chronic) condition, although it can improve significantly, or even clear completely, in some children as they get older.
1. Atopic Dermatitis
Symptoms of Atopic Dermatitis
Symptoms vary from one person to the other. These include:
- Itching, may be severe at night.
- Dry and rough skin
- Red to brownish patches on skin
- Blisters may sometimes occur
- Fluid oozing from the skin
- Yellow crust on the skin surface or small yellowish-white spots appearing in the eczema
- People with atopic eczema often have very dry skin because their skin is unable to retain much moisture. This dryness may make the skin more likely to react to certain triggers, causing it to become red and itchy.
- One can develop eczema due to the triggers in his/her environment.
- An immune system problem can lead to its development.
- It is sometimes transmitted through genes.
2. Contact Dermatitis
This is mostly caused by reaction to substances you touch. This also makes the skin red and irritated. It comes in two types: Allergic contact dermatitis is an immune system reaction to an irritant like latex or metal. Irritant contact dermatitis starts when a chemical or other substance irritates your skin.
Symptoms are mostly the same as atopic dermatitis.
Contact dermatitis occurs when you come in contact with substance that irritates your skin or causes an allergic reaction. The most common causes are:
- Some chemicals
- Some soaps and perfumes
- Some poisonous plants
3. Hand Eczema
This mostly appears on the hands of people. You can mostly get this in the crowd, work and any place you get into contact with people.
Neurodermatitis is similar to atopic dermatitis. It causes thick, scaly patches to pop up on your skin.
5. Dyshidrotic eczema
This is more common in women. It causes small blisters to form on your hands and feet.
6. Nummular Eczema
This is in the form of a coin and it itches a lot.
Stasis dermatitis happens when fluid leaks out of weakened veins into your skin. This fluid causes swelling, redness, itching, and pain.
Treatment Of Eczema
Eczema often comes and goes. When it appears, you might need to try different medicines and other treatments to get rid of the rash.
- Antihistamines such as diphenhydramine (Benadryl) can control the itch.
- Corticosteroid cream or ointment can reduce the itch. For a more severe reaction, you can take steroids like prednisone (Rayos) by mouth to control swelling.
- Calcineurin inhibitors such as tacrolimus (Protopic) and pimecrolimus (Elidel) reduce the immune response that causes red, itchy skin.
- Antibiotics treat skin infections.
Ways Of Preventing Eczema
- Do not wear wet clothes. Germs and other bacteria thrive in wet conditions. It is best to always put on clean dry clothes to reduce the risk of infections.
- After bath, make sure your body is dried before you wear your clothes.
- Do not share clothes or any other underwear with anyone since it can be transmitted by contact.
- Do not share your sponge or towel with anyone.
- Have your bath with soap and clean water regularly especially after an exercise, hard labour or after work.
See the Doctor
It is very important to see the doctor or a dermatologist to examine your skin and give you the right prescription.