Haemorrhoids (piles): Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Haemorrhoids (piles): Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

All you need to know about Piles.

Haemorrhoids, also know as piles, are swellings containing enlarged blood vessels that are found inside or around the bottom. Everyone has haemorrhoids.  However, haemorrhoids guarding the anal passage can swell up due to inflammation. This makes the vein walls become stretched, thin, and irritated by passing bowel movements, and causes piles to develop.

In many cases, haemorrhoids does not show any signs and, and people do not know they have them.

Causes of Piles

The exact cause of haemorrhoids is unclear, but they’re associated with increased pressure in the blood vessels in and around your anus.

This pressure can cause the blood vessels in your back passage to become swollen and inflamed.

Other factors may include:

  • poor bathroom habits
  • excessive coughing or sneezing
  • being obese
  • genetic predisposition to haemorrhoids, meaning weak veins can be genetic leading to weak rectal vein walls or week venous valves.
  • less fiber in the diet can cause constipation which can lead to the formation of haemorrhoids
  • poor bathroom habits
  • pregnancy
  • excessive coughing or sneezing
  • constant sitting or standing for long hours at a stretch
  • excessive straining, rubbing or cleaning around the anus
  • regularly holding breath while straining to perform some physical labour
  • being obese

Symptoms of Piles

Symptoms of haemorrhoids includes:piles lump

  • Bleeding from anus
  • anal itching
  • pain during bowel movements
  • mucous discharge from the anus
  • surroundings of anus becomes sore and red
  • painful swell near anus
  • hard lump around anus
Treatments for piles

Haemorrhoids often go down after few days without any treatment in some cases. The ones that appear during pregnancies often gets better after birth. In other cases, It becomes severe and unbearable.


Various creams, ointments and suppositories are available from pharmacies without a prescription. They can be used to relieve any swelling and discomfort.

These medicines should only be used for 5 to 7 days at a time. They may irritate the sensitive skin around your anus if you use them longer than this.

Visit the Doctor

Visit health facilities to undergo tests and examinations. Medications can be prescribed to help get rid of the swellings and also the itchiness. Sometimes people undergo surgery in severe conditions.

Ways to reduce the risk of Piles

  • Exercise to help the body function properly.
  • Maintain or loose weight to avoid getting piles since obesity can be one of the reasons to get piles.
  • Take foods containing fiber in order to help in digestion and avoid constipation.
  • Drink enough water to also help the body in digestion of food in the body.

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